PRP – Blood Facial

History

Autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) injections were first used in 1987 in open heart surgery (1). Today, PRP injections have been safely used in many fields including sports medicine, orthopaedics, cosmetics, fasciomaxillary and urology. (2)

 

Stacks Image 544PRP: Platelet Rich Plasma

Blood contains plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Platelets are small discoid cells with a life span of about 7-10 days. Inside platelets contain granules which contain clotting and growth factors. During the healing process, the platelets are activated and aggregate together. They then release the granules which contain growth factors which stimulate the inflammatory cascade and healing process (2). Blood typically contains 6% platelets whereas PRP has a significantly increased supra-physiological platelet concentration. Although this level can vary depending on the method of extraction and equipment, studies have shown that clinical benefit can be obtained if the PRP used has an increased platelet concentration of 4x greater than normal blood (3).

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) has been utilized in aesthetic medicine to rejuvenate and slow down the aging process and face (4). This refers to mesenchymal and epithelial rejuvenation by application of the persons own enriched autologous plasma. Recently, ACR-PRP has been pioneered for facial rejuvenation in select patients with chronological aging, and solar damage. Regeneration or anti-aging by biological stimulation of resident stem cells by growth factors. Case studies reported in Europe, England, Asia, Japan and South Africa have demonstrated consistent rejuvenation of facial aging, including wrinkling in persons with modest grades of photo- or chronological aging. Patient selection is important and skin diseases have to be excluded. Improvement of skin texture and tone can be expected, these features are noticeable within 3 weeks, and the process can be enhanced by addition of appropriate Cosmeceutical. Benefits include non-allergenic properties and ease of administration.

 

FAQs

What is the process?

Prior to treatment a simple blood sample of 10 – 20 mls is extracted from the patient. This blood is immediately placed in the centrifuge for 5 – 8 minutes. When centrifugation is complete your plasma will be separated from your red blood cells. The rich platelets are extracted from the base of the plasma gel. The platelets are injected into the deep dermis or fat layer of the skin. Platelets gradually increase collagen which can increase skin thickness and overall health of the skin.

Are the results immediate?

No. Immediate swelling and wound healing are obvious at first sight. However, collagen rejuvenation can take from 6 weeks depending on the condition of your skin and lifestyle.
More then one treatment will be necessary if the skin is mature

How long do the results last?

As we are regenerating collagen lasting results will depend on the care and maintenance of your skin. However, 2-3 treatments will help results last up to 18months

Does the treatment hurt?

Regenerative medicine is administered via an injection. Topical anaesthetics can be administered if needed.

What can I expect after the treatment?

Redness, swelling, slight pain, bruising or all these signs can happen in the treatment area. These side effects usually subside in a few hours to a few days. Post care instructions will need to be followed through

 

References
1. Ferrari M, Zia S, Valbonesi M. A new technique for hemodilution, preparation of autologous platelet-rich plasma and intraoperative blood salvage in cardiac surgery. Int J Artif Organs. 1987;10:47–50.
2. Sampson S, Gerhardt M, Mandelbaum B. Platelet rich plasma injection grafts for musculoskeletal injuries: a review. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2008 Dec;1(3-4):165-74.
3. Marx R, Garg A. Dental and craniofacial applications of platelet- rich plasma. Carol Stream: Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc.; 2005.4. Eppley BL. Platelet-rich plasma: A review of biology and applications in plastic surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg 118: 147e, 2006

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